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李牧白 :博物馆照明——画面上的光

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2019-12-23 作者:李牧白 来源:阿拉丁照明网 浏览量: 网友评论: 0
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摘要: 博物馆展厅对文物书画的采光照明 , 通常用三种光源——日光灯、白炽灯和LED灯等人工光源。书画藏品在光的直接照射下 , 都会遭受不同程度的损害。光线对书画的影响有三方面 : 其一,光辐射;其二 , 光热能;其三 , 光氧化的破坏作用。

图片12.png

LIMUBAI

  BOWUGUANZHANTINGDUIWENWUSHUHUADECAIGUANGZHAOMING , TONGCHANGYONGSANZHONGGUANGYUAN——RIGUANGDENG、BAICHIDENGHELEDDENGDENGRENGONGGUANGYUAN。SHUHUAZANGPINZAIGUANGDEZHIJIEZHAOSHEXIA , DOUHUIZAOSHOUBUTONGCHENGDUDESUNHAI。GUANGXIANDUISHUHUADEYINGXIANGYOUSANFANGMIAN : QIYI,GUANGFUSHE;QIER , GUANGRENENG;QISAN , GUANGYANGHUADEPOHUAIZUOYONG。

  BEISONGKEXUEJIASHENKUO《MENGXIBITAN》ZHONGSHUO:“GURENZANGSHUBIDUYONGYUN,YUN——XIANGCAOYE。”KEJIANWOGUOZAOZAI1000DUONIANQIANJIUDUISHUHUABAOHUYOULEYANJIUSHIJIAN。

图片13.png

  一、 画面光学辐射

  GUANGSHIDUIZIHUAMIANYINGXIANGZUIDADEZIRANYINSHU,TEBIESHIZIWAIXIANGUANG,TAKESHIZIHUAMIANYANLIAOTUIBIAN、FENJIE、BIANSEDENGYINSUDAOZHIZHIZHIBIANHUA;ZIWAIXIANGUANGZHUYAOLAIYUANTAIYANG,TAIYANGZHAOZAIZHISHANG , XIANWEIFASHENGYANGHUAFANYINGERBIANSE , GUANGZHAOXIAXIANWEIHUIFASHENGGUANGFENJIE , GUANGYANGHUAHEGUANGSHUIJIEDENGHUAXUEFANYING , DAOZHIQIXIANWEIQIANGDUXIAJIANG , ZHIZHIWENWUYINGDUIGUANGZHAOFANGMIANYOUYANGEDEKONGZHIBAICHIDENGHERIGUANGDENGGUANYEYOU400-700nmDEZIWAIXIANGUANG,BAICHIDENGHERIGUANGDENGDUIZHIZHANGYOUYIDINGDEPOHUAIZUOYONG , YINWEITAMENTONGDIANHOUNENGFACHUZIWAIXIAN , TEBIESHIRIGUANGDENGTADEWASHUYUEDA , FANGSHECHUDEZIWAIXIANJIUYUEDUO , DUISHUHUAZHIZHANGDEPOHUAIJIUYUEDA。YINCIGUAZIHUASHIYINGBIMIANTAIYANGGUANG、BAICHIDENGHERIGUANGDENGDENGHANZIWAIXIANDEGUANGYUAN,ZHANGSHIJIANZHAOSHEYENENGSHIZIHUAZHIZHIBIANHUANG。

图片14.png

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  二、 画面上光温度

  DENGJUDEGUANGJUYOURENENGLIANG , DANGQIXIANGWAIFUSHESHIHUICHANSHENGREXIAOYING。KEJIANGUANGYUHONGWAIXIANREXIAOYINGDA , CHENGWEIRESHEXIAN。GUANGFUSHEREDUIMIAN、ZHIDENGZHIWUXIANWEISUCAILIAODENAIJIUXINGCHANSHENGYINGXIANG , SHIZHIZHANGHUAMIANJUBUWENDUSHENGGAO , SHIXIANWEISUJUHEDUJIANGDI , JIXIEQIANGDUXIAJIANG。CONGERDAOZHIZHIZHANG、FANGZHIPINDENGCAILIAODANXINGJIANRUO、BIANCUI , SHUHUAZHONGDEZHIZHANGBIANHUANG、YANLIAOBIANSE、FENHUABOLUODENGXIANXIANG。

  GUANGZHAODU、GUANGQIANGHUIDUIZHIZHANGHUAMIANZAOCHENGYANZHONGDE、BUKEWANHUIDESUNHAI。GUOGAODEGUANGZHAOQIANGDUHUIYINQIYOUHUADETUNSEHUOBIANAN,YIZHITUXIANGHEXIJIEMOHUSHENZHIXIAOSHI。WEILEBIMIANGUANGZHAOYINQIDESUNSHANG,YOUHUAYINGGAIFANGZHIZAIJIAOANQIEBUHUIBEIYANGGUANGZHISHEDAODEQUYU。

  GUODUDEGUANGZHAOYEHUIYINQIGUODUODEREJUJI,CONGERZAOCHENGYOUHUADESUNSHANG。YINCIYINGGAISANSHEDEJUGUANGDENGYINGGAIBEIANZHUANGZAIZHISHAOYUANLIYOUHUAYUESANMIDEDIFANG,BIMIANQIANZAIDEREJUJI。

  YAOYOUYIDINGDEWENDUHESHIDU。ZIHUAZHUYAOYOUZHIZHANGHEJUAN、LING、JINDENGZHIWUGOUCHENG,SHISHIFENJIAOGUIDE,TAYOUZIJIZUISHIYIDEWENDUHESHIDUYAOQIU。YIBANSHUOLAI,15℃ZHI18℃DEWENDUHE55%ZHI65%DEXIANGDUISHIDUDUIJIAZANGZIHUADEBAOCUNZUIWEIYOULI。TEBIEDUIYUMINGGUIZIHUA,GENGYINGGAIZHUYIZHENZANG。ZHEILIWOMENTONGGUOYIGEXIAOSHIYANLAILUNZHENG

  SHIYANBUZHOUYUCAOZUOYAOQIU:

  1. YONGJINGZIJIANGYANGGUANGTOUSHEDAOYIZHANGZHISHANG,BIJIAOYONGYIMIANJINGZIHEDUOMIANJINGZI,FANSHEGUANGDEQIANGRUOYOUSHENMEBUTONG;

  2. YONGWENDUJICELIANGYIZHANGZHIGUANGBANCHUDEWENDU,BIJIAOYIXIAYONGYIMIANJINGZIHEDUOMIANJINGZI,WENDUJIXIANSHIDEWENDUBUTONG

  SHIYANJIELUN:GUANGQIANGWENDUJIUGAO,GUANGRUOWENDUJIUDI。

图片16.png

  三、 光氧化

  JUHEWUZAIHANYANGHUANJINGZHONG, SHOUDAOGUANGDEZUOYONGHUICHANSHENGGUANGYANGHUAFANYING, ERYINQIJUHEWUDEDUANLIANZHIZHANGZHONGDEXIANWEISUFASHENGGUANGYANGHUAFANYINGSHI, SHENGCHENGYIFENSUIDEYANGHUAXIANWEI, SHIQIANGDUHENAIJIUXINGJIANGDI, ZIJI、YANLIAODENGZAIGUANGYANGHUAZUOYONGXIAYEHUICHANSHENGTUNSEXIANXIANG。

  SI、 GBT 23863-2009 BOWUGUANZHAOMINGSHEJIGUIFAN

  ① GUANGDEZHAODUSHEJIGUIFAN

图片17.png

  ② GUANGDEZHEGUANGJIAOSHEJIGUIFAN

图片18.png

  ③ GUANGDEPUGUANGLIANGXIANZHIZHISHEJIGUIFAN

图片19.png

  BOWUGUANSHIGEZHONGWENWU、ZIRANBIAOBENHEYISHUPINDESHOUZANG、BAOHU、YANJIU、ZHANSHIHEXUANCHUANDEJIGOU。WEILETUOSHANDIBAOHUHAOZHEIXIEZHENGUIDELISHIHEWENHUACAICHAN,TEBIESHISHUFA、GUOHUA、YOUHUA、JUANHUADENGHUAMIANSHANGDEGUANGBIXUMIANSHOUGUANGXUEFUSHE(BAOKUOKEJIANFUSHE、ZIWAIFUSHEHEHONGWAIFUSHE)、HUAMIANWENDUDESUNHAI;WEILEJIGUANZHONGCHUANGZAOLIANGHAODESHIJUEHUANJING,YOUXUYAOTIGAOZHANPINDEZHAODU,GUSHEJI、XUANYONGHUAMIANSHANGGUANGDETESHUZHAOMINGDENGJUXUSHENZHIYOUSHEN。ZONGZHIJIEJUE、CHULIHAOHUAMIANSHANGDEGUANGXUDADAOJIYOULIYUGUANSHANG、YOUYOULIYUBAOHUDEMUDE。

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